Lest We Perish
A Forgotten Holocaust
The Extermination of the Christian Assyrians in Turkey and Persia

Gabriele Yonan



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Contents


Foreword

Author's Note

Introduction


PART I HISTORICAL SETTING

1. Assyrians
History
Language
Religion
Islam and Syrian Christianity
The Millet System
The Areas of Settlement
Missions
- Catholic Mission
- Protestant Mission
- Anglican Mission
- Russian Orthodox Mission
- Mission under the Jacobites

2. The 19th Century
The Syrian Christians in the Ottoman Empire
The Massacres in the Hakkari Region
Documents Nos. 1 - 5
Consequences of Reform Policies after 1878
The English "Assyrian Mission" (1886)
Document No. 6
Abdul Hamid's Policies: Kurds Against Christians
The Syrian Christians in Persia
The Alliance with the Russians (1897)
Documents Nos. 7 - 13

3. German Policy towards the Orient
Bismarck and the Oriental Question
German Colonial Policy under Emperor Wilhelm II
German Oriental Studies Serving Politics
The Young Turkish Revolution
Reorganization of the Turkish Army by the German Military
The German Embassy in Constantinople

4. First World War
Germany's Alliance of Arms with Turkey
Holy War Made in Germany
Germany's “The Intelligence Service for the Orient”
The Theaters of War in Eastern Turkey and Persia
Document No. 14

PART 2 DOCUMENTATION

1. Azerbaijan (Persia)
American Presbyterian Mission
Turkish Occupation of Urmia
Azerbaijan and Hakkari
Documents Nos. 15 - 22
'Das Liebeswerk' for the Nestorians in Kurdistan and Persia
Documents Nos. 23 - 24
German Evangelical Lutheran Mission in Persia
Document No. 25
Document No. 26

2. Hakkari (Turkey)
Expulsion of the Assyrians, June - September 1915
Documents Nos. 27 - 32

3. 1915: "Seyfo" - The Year of the Sword
The Annihilation of the Assyrians in Turkey
Johannes Lepsius and the German Orient Mission
Germany's Responsibility
Documents Nos. 33 - 37
Eyewitness Reports on the Massacre of the Assyro-Chaldeans
Documents Nos. 38 - 43

4. Assyrian Refugees in Persia
Documents Nos. 44 - 54

5. Assyrians, the "Smallest Ally" in the War
Alliance with the Russians
The Russian Revolution
Alliance with the British
Assyrian Exodus from Persia
Documents Nos. 55 - 60


The League of Nations, a Society of "Honorables"?

EPILOGUE

HISTORIA EST MAGISTRA VITAE (Cicero) by Rudolf Macuch

Bibliographies
Maps
Documents
Index
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